Tackling biodiversity loss at a landscape scale
The context in which we deliver on our international commitments to conserve and enhance biodiversity have changed considerably in recent years. Globally, we fell short of reaching our targets to reduce the rate of biodiversity loss by 2010. There have been renewed commitments to halt the alarming global declines in biodiversity and to ensure that by 2020 our natural environment is resilient and can continue to provide the ecosystem services that are essential for life.
At a national level these commitments are being delivered through a number of important strategies which set our vision for nature conservation going forward and which have shaped the new framework for conservation in Wiltshire and Swindon:
Natural Environment White Paper
'The Natural Choice'was the Government’s first Natural Environment White Paper in 20 years and was published in response to the Lawton Review – Making space for nature which concluded that nature in England is highly fragmented and unlikely to respond well to future challenges such as climate change and population growth. The White Paper outlines the Government’s vision for the natural environment over the next 50 years and sees a shift in focus from piecemeal conservation actions towards a more integrated, landscape scale approach in which nature is properly valued.
England Biodiversity Strategy
Published in August 2011, the England Biodiversity Strategy (EBS) builds on the Natural Environment White Paper and sets out a strategic direction for biodiversity policy for the next decade. It outlines an ambitious mission for biodiversity by 2020 and identifies actions across four themes which will be needed to achieve them: a more integrated large-scale approach to conservation; putting people at the heart of biodiversity policy; reducing environmental pressures; and improving our knowledge.
Further details can be found in the ‘Setting Wiltshire’s biodiversity conservation in a UK context’ section of the Wiltshire and Swindon Landscape Biodiversity Framework.